Videowhether it's on tape or DVD, streaming video or video-on-demandcan reach learners with a broad range of learning styles and skill levels. With more than 25 years of experience, KET offers these tried-and-true guidelines to help you use video with workbooks and online materials to their best advantage.
Let each medium do what it does best
- Video introduces concepts, models behavior and motivates learners
- Print materials reinforce the lesson and provide instruction and practice
- The Internet provides reflection, extension, and enrichment
Use video with small groups or individuals
- Small-group viewing is an excellent way for learners with similar needs to share an experience and then work on follow-up activities together. A maximum of 20 learners per video screen is optimal.
- For independent learners, video provides convenient, self-paced instruction - to catch up on a missed lesson or to study at their own pace. They may need coaching on how to integrate the workbooks with the video program. Caution: some learners may feel uncomfortable about working on their own when the rest of the group is doing something else.
Keep the lights on
Educational video is most effective in a lighted setting; just be sure to keep glare (from windows, etc.) to a minimum. Viewing in a darkened room invites dozing and inattention.
|4 Ps for Teachers
Preview the tape so you'll know which segments you want to use or feature.
Prepare the students with focus questions.
Pause the tape to get student involvement, possibly by asking questions.
Practice the skills with follow-up activities, like those recommended in the workbooks or online
USING VIDEO IN THE CLASSROOM
The teacher is the key to effective use of video in the classroom. Use video to introduce a concept, review and reinforce a skill, or illustrate an idea.
Before you get started:
- DECIDE how you're going to use the material
- KNOW the material to be presented.
- IDENTIFY the instructional need to be addressed.
- DETERMINE the curriculum objectives.
- CLARIFY learner's needs (Introduction, review, etc.).
- PREVIEW to select appropriate material.
- PLAN for effective use.
- Before viewing:
- Learners need to understand what they should be looking for when they watch the video; make sure they are prepared. Have learners read the pre-viewing material in the workbook and study the new vocabulary.
- Instructional video often presents a great deal of information in both amount and complexity. Experienced educators often break a half-hour program into two or three manageable segments to be covered one at a time, using several class periods for presentation, discussion, review, and reinforcement activities.
- Make sure the equipment and video are ready, in a lighted room without glare on the screen.
- Ask learners questions that will be answered by watching the video.
- Take an active, enthusiastic interest in the program; your involvement will increase the learners' involvement.
- One major advantage of video is the flexibility to stop and start the video as you need to. You control the instructional pace and flow.
- Watch students' reactions; if they don't understand something, replay the segment as needed.
- Deal with distractions … and avoid being one.
- Encourage learners to take notes; it helps cement what they're learning and develop critical thinking skills.
- Encourage learners to share ideas about the segment.
- Review and clarify complex points to reinforce what learners have seen.
- Encourage discussion and follow-up research.
- Have learners do the workbook exercises as soon as possible after watching. It will help sharpen their skills if they work with new information while it's fresh in their memories.
- Suggest learners take their notes along to study while they ride to work or wait in line.
- Explain and assign follow-up activities.
VIDEO FOR INDEPENDENT LEARNERS
- Prepare yourself for viewing
Read the pre-viewing material carefully and study the vocabulary list in each chapter before viewing.
- Divide the programs into segments for viewing
Most people find it more comfortable to watch 10 or 15 minutes at a time then work for another 15 to 30 minutes in the workbook. If you don't understand something on the video, stop and replay the segment. Make notes about anything that seems confusing. Ask a friend to watch the segment with you, and share ideas.
- After viewing a segment, do the exercises in the student workbook
Try to do the workbook exercises immediately after watching the tape. It helps sharpen your skills to work with new information while it's fresh in your memory.
- Keep a notebook on what you're learning
Take notes while you watch, or immediately after; it's a great way to cement what you're learning, and it helps you hone your thinking skills. Take your notes along to review while you ride to work or wait in line.